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Eden Gardens information
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Eden Gardens

Eden Gardens is a cricket ground in Kolkata, India established in 1864. It is the home venue of the Bengal cricket team and the IPL franchise cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders, and is also a venue for Test, ODI and T20I matches of the India national cricket team. With a seating capacity of 66,349, it is the largest cricket stadium in India, and the second-largest cricket stadium in the world. Eden Gardens is often regarded informally as India's home of cricket. The ground has been referred to as "cricket's answer to the Colosseum," and is widely acknowledged to be one of the most iconic cricket stadiums in the world. Eden Gardens has hosted matches in major international competitions including the World Cup, World Twenty20 and Asia Cup. In 1987, Eden Gardens became the second stadium to host a World Cup final. The 2016 ICC World Twenty20 final was held at the Eden Gardens where the West Indies beat England in closely fought encounter. Eden Gardens has also occasionally been used for Association football matches. As of 19 Aug, 2017 it has hosted 40 Tests, 29 ODIs and 6 T20Is. The stadium gets its name from the Eden Gardens, one of the oldest parks in Kolkata, adjacent to the stadium, designed in 1841 and named after the Eden sisters of Lord Auckland, the then Governor-General of India. Initially it was named 'Auckland Circus Gardens’ but later changed to 'Eden Gardens' by its makers inspired by Garden of Eden in the Bible. The stadium is in the B. B. D. Bagh area of the city, near the State Secretariat and opposite to the Calcutta High Court. The stadium itself was established in 1864 and currently holds 66,349 people following renovations for the Cricket World Cup 2011; a capacity down from an estimated 100,000 before the upgrade. Before the 1987 World Cup, the capacity was said to be approximately 10,00,000; however, no official figures have been recorded. Nonetheless, there have been six matches at this venue which were attended by over 100,000 spectators on a day. The first recorded Test at the venue was held in 1934, and its first One Day International in 1987. The Hero Cup knockout matches were staged at Eden Gardens, the first matches played under lights at the ground. Sporting floodlights, bowlers deliver from the High Court End or the Pavilion End of the pitch. Eden Gardens is renowned for its large and vociferous crowds. It is said that "a cricketer's cricketing education is not complete till he has played in front of a packed Eden Gardens." Former Indian Captain and Kolkata Native Sourav Ganguly confessed once in an interview that the roar of crowd at the stadium he heard when India defeated Australia in the Second Test of 2000–01 Border–Gavaskar Trophy was the most loud he had ever heard. The B.C. Roy Club House is named after former Chief Minister of West Bengal Dr. B. C. Roy. The headquarters of the Cricket Association of Bengal are at the stadium. The stadium hosts Indian Premier League matches and is the home venue for Kolkata Knight Riders.


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